Diesel ( Gasoil )
This is a list of products produced from petroleum. Types of unrefined petroleum include asphalt, bitumen, crude oil, and natural gas. fossil fuel; hydrocarbon; oil; petrochemical; petroleum production; petroleum refining; pitch lake; tar sand.
Regarding petroleum products, it is necessary to say a little about the refinery: First, the crude oil is transferred from its reservoirs to the distillation unit and is heated in the furnace and its disturbing salts are removed.
Then, accompanied by very hot dry steam, they enter the distillation towers in the atmosphere and distill in vacuum, and according to their physical characteristics and molecular weight, the materials are separated. In different units, semi-finished and final products are produced and sent to the domestic and international market with standard specifications.
Unlike crude oil, which does not have standard specifications, all final products have global standard specifications. Because the oil market is international.
Petroleum products are materials derived from crude oil (petroleum) as it is processed in oil refineries. Unlike petrochemicals, which are a collection of well-defined usually pure organic compounds, petroleum products are complex mixtures. The majority of petroleum is converted to petroleum products, which includes several classes of fuels.
According to the composition of the crude oil and depending on the demands of the market, refineries can produce different shares of petroleum products. The largest share of oil products is used as "energy carriers", i.e. various grades of fuel oil and gasoline. These fuels include or can be blended to give gasoline, jet fuel, diesel fuel, heating oil, and heavier fuel oils.
Heavier (less volatile) fractions can also be used to produce asphalt, tar, paraffin wax, lubricating and other heavy oils.
Refineries also produce other chemicals, some of which are used in chemical processes to produce plastics and other useful materials.
Since petroleum often contains a few percent sulfur-containing molecules, elemental sulfur is also often produced as a petroleum product. Carbon, in the form of petroleum coke, and hydrogen may also be produced as petroleum products.
The hydrogen produced is often used as an intermediate product for other oil refinery processes such as hydrocracking and hydrodesulfurization.
Crude oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons that formed from plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. Crude oil is a fossil fuel, and it exists in liquid form in underground pools or reservoirs, in tiny spaces within sedimentary rocks, and near the surface in tar (or oil) sands.
Petroleum products are fuels made from crude oil and other hydrocarbons contained in natural gas. Petroleum products can also be made from coal, natural gas, and biomass.
Oil refineries will blend various feedstocks, mix appropriate additives, provide short-term storage, and prepare for bulk loading to trucks, barges, product ships, and railcars.
- Gasses like propane and methane are stored within petroleum.
- Liquid fuels blending (producing automotive and aviation grades of
gasoline, kerosene, various aviation turbine fuels, and diesel fuels,
adding dyes, detergents, antiknock additives, oxygenates, and
anti-fungal compounds as required). Shipped by barge, rail, and tanker
ship. May be shipped regionally in dedicated pipelines
to point consumers, particularly aviation jet fuel to major airports,
or piped to distributors in multi-product pipelines using product
separators called piping inspection gauges ("pigs").
- Lubricants (produces light machine oils,motor oils, and greases , adding viscosity stabilizers as required), usually shipped in bulk to an offsite packaging plant.
- Paraffin Wax, used in illumination (candle wax ) and other uses. May be shipped in bulk to a site to prepare as packaged blocks.
- Slake wax a raw refinery output comprising a mixture of oil and wax used as a precursor for scale wax and paraffin wax and as-is in non-food products such as wax emulsions, construction board, matches, candles, rust protection, and vapour barriers.
- Sulfur, by-product of sulfur removal from petroleum, which contain percent of organosulfur compounds .
- Bulk tar shipping for offsite unit packaging for use in tar-and-gravel roofing or similar uses.
- Asphalt, used as a binder for gravel to form asphalt concrete, which is used for paving roads, lots, etc. An asphalt unit prepares bulk asphalt for shipment.
- petroleum coke , used in specialtycarbon products such as certain types ofelectrodes , or as solid fuel.
- Petrochemicals or petrochemical feedstocks such as ethylene, propylene, acrylic acid,and benzene-toluene-xylenes("BTX") and others. These organic compounds are turned into polymers, plastics, and pharmaceuticals, among others.
Products made from crude oil
After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a
refinery where different parts of the crude oil are separated into
useable petroleum products. These petroleum products include gasoline,
distillates such as diesel fuel and heating oil, jet fuel, petrochemical
feedstocks, waxes, lubricating oils, and asphalt. Learn more in
Refining crude oil—inputs and outputs
A U.S. 42-gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 45 gallons of petroleum products in U.S. refineries because of refinery processing gain.
This increase in volume is similar to what happens to popcorn when it
is popped. A corn kernel is smaller and more dense than a popped kernel.
The amount of individual products produced varies from month-to-month
and year-to-year as refineries adjust production to meet market demand
and to maximize profitability.
Since petroleum often contains a few percent sulfur-containing molecules, elemental sulfur is also often produced as a petroleum product. Carbon, in the form of petroleum coke, and hydrogen
may also be produced as petroleum products. The hydrogen produced is
often used as an intermediate product for other oil refinery processes
such as hydrocracking and hydrodesulfurization.
What is crude oil and what are petroleum products?
We call crude oil and petroleum fossil fuels because they are mixtures of hydrocarbons that formed from the remains of animals and plants (diatoms) that lived millions of years ago in a marine environment before the existence of dinosaurs.
Over millions of years, the remains of these animals and plants were covered by layers of sand, silt, and rock. Heat and pressure from these layers turned the remains into what we now call crude oil or petroleum. The word petroleum means rock oil or oil from the earth.
After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery
where different parts of the crude oil are separated into useable
petroleum products. These petroleum products include gasoline (automotive & aviation) ,
distillates such as diesel fuel( gasoil ) , heating oil ( fuel oil ) , jet fuel( ATK , JP ) , petrochemical
feedstocks( light naphta), waxes , lubricating oils , and asphalt( bitumen) . Learn more in Refining crude oil—inputs and outputs.
What are petroleum products, and what is petroleum used for?
Petroleum products include transportation fuels, fuel oils for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil, and feedstocks for
making the chemicals, plastics, and synthetic materials that are in
nearly everything we use. Of the approximately 7.21 billion barrels of
total U.S. petroleum consumption in 2016, 47% was motor gasoline
(includes ethanol), 20% was distillate fuel (heating oil and diesel
fuel), and 8% was jet fuel.
A partial list of products made from Petroleum (144 of 6000 items)
One 42-gallon barrel of oil creates 19.4 gallons of gasoline. The rest (over half) is used to make things like:
||Sports Car Bodies
||Car Battery Cases
||Ice Cube Trays
||CD’s & DVD’s
||Soft Contact lenses
You, as our dear customer and as our audience, can use our products whenever you like. You can do the process of ordering your desired product according to your opinion and enjoy driving quietly and calmly. Also, our team will contact you immediately and will provide you with the necessary advice regarding any final & semi finish petroleum products.