The automotive industry is without exception one of the most interesting and favorite parts of all groups of peoples. An industry that cannot move without special engine and gearbox lubricants (automatic and manual), brake fluids and greases.

With the development of the automotive industry, automotive lubricant manufacturers produced engine oils that were made with an artificial base and were of very high quality. Therefore, now all car lubricants are produced with mineral base and full synthetics.

Everything you wanted to know about automotive lubricants :


A lubricant is generally a fluidic material with the primary function of reducing friction between surfaces in contact. Lubricant minimises energy loss generated from friction; at the same time it can also be very useful to clean, cool, and prevent metal parts from corrosion & rust and many such challenges a machine faces during its operation.

For Example: Engine oil is a specific type of lubricant that is developed for application in engines. A good quality engine oil is very essential for the appropriate working of an engine; this helps to operate engine efficiently, prevents from damages and helps in extending the life of the engine.

The products offered by Yekta Company move in line with the latest technology and quality in the world and are delivered to customers with quality assurance.A lubricant is generally a fluid material with the primary function of reducing friction between surfaces in contact.

Lubricant minimizes energy loss generated from friction; at the same time it can also be very useful to clean, cool, and prevent metal parts from corrosion & rust and many such challenges a machine faces during its operation.

For Example: Engine oil is a specific type of lubricant that is developed for application in engines. A good quality engine oil is very essential for the appropriate working of an engine; this helps to operate engine efficiently, prevents from damages and helps in extending the life of the engine

Composition of a Lubricant:

A lubricant is composed of two substances :  (  1 -  X% , BASE OIL     +      2 -  Y% , ADDITIVES ) = FINAL PRODUCT


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Base oils make-up most of the volume of a lubricant and can either be made of a mineral oil or of a synthetic oil.

Mineral base oil can be obtained from a distilling process while refining crude oil, and Synthetic base oils are made by further refining of mineral base oil through laboratory treatments, and few synthetic base oils are manufactured.

Base oil can be divided into four groups, usually depending on the purity level of that oil. The Group-I and Group-II are Mineral Base Oils, Group-III is known as Synthetic Base Oil, other base oils falls under Group-IV category.

Additives, which form anywhere between 10-30% of the lubricant's composition, are required to enhance or add desirable properties to the base oil, such as reducing friction, improving viscosity index, managing deposits and sludge through detergents - dispersant additives etc.

Lubricants are formulated with specific additives & base oils depending upon the application and the benefits expected out of them

NOTE :To fill in any item regarding Automotive lubricants, please fill out the order form and send it to us


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What Are Automotive Lubricants?

An automotive lubricant is responsible for the lubrication of automotive parts to reduce any friction caused in your vehicle. all automotive need to oils.

It also serves a number of secondary functions. all vehicles need to safe moving and safe driving. safety depend on good automotive  lubricants.

It helps clean and cool down the engine parts and prevents rust and corrosion buildup.Rust & Corrosion are two big risk and killer of parts.

Lubricants are either Mineral  oil-based , fully Synthetic & Vegetable based , or a combination of the three.base  is very  important section of all lubricants.

The most common lubricants are usually oil or grease, but you may also encounter dry or penetrating types  lubricants. all lubricants depend on uses.

Types of motor oils are available in the market as automotive lubricants, each with a specific viscosity & VI & type of base and additives to production.

The viscosity of the engine oil as a lubricant actually indicates the resistance of the material to flow or friction; For example, the lower the viscosity number for the engine oil, the better and easier the oil will flow.

Many car company recommend the use of variable grade engine oil; This means that these oils work properly in  cold weather & high temperatures.



The use of car lubricants is usually determined by the vehicle manufacturers as well as the companies that produce these chemicals. What kind of lubricant is suitable for which type of car are introduced to customers by these companies with a certain amount of accuracy.

To choose the best car lubricant, we recommend that you talk to our lubricants technical team.

Lubricants are used for a variety of applications, for example:

  • Engine oils are used for application inside engine. A good engine oil would results in a clean, rust-free engine, would improve fuel efficiency and performance, maximise your engine's life and reduce vehicular emissions.

  • Gear oils are used mainly in automobiles gearboxes: Manual, Automatic etc. Developed generally with high viscosity base oil and selective additives, it ensures superior protection of gear parts from high mechanical pressure.

  • Hydraulic oil is used to transfer hydrostatic power in hydraulic machinery.

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A good lubricant is a must for any machine, for a variety of reasons. Lubricating oil should be changed often for best results, as recommended by machine/vehicle manufacturer.
Yekta is strongly committed to the research and production of highly efficient lubricants for all types of engines - beginning in the 2012 with the first synthetic oils up to today’s highest quality products.

At a time of great technological specialization, in which the evolution of engines has led to the lubricant becoming a real component of the engine, the vast and diverse range of yekta lubricants is able to provide the right response to the lubrication needs of every engine and the needs of each user.

From motorcycle engines to the most sophisticated sports vehicles, from powerful diesel trucks to agricultural tractors, from electrical energy generation turbines to the giant engines for the shipbuilding industry; for each application, there is always an yekta product capable of ensuring high performance, long oil change intervals, complete user satisfaction and environmental compatibility.

yekta lubricant formulations meet the various lubricating needs of all kinds of vehicles produced by manufacturers.

yekta research and development provides continuous updates of the range of lubricants in order to guarantee products that are in line with the increasingly strict specifications of manufacturers, low SAPS formulating needs and an increased search for improved fuel economy


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What Are Automotive Lubricants Used For?

Automotive lubricants are primarily used for the following functions. They reduce friction between engine parts + prevent wear & tear + dissipate the heat and maintain the temprature + protect the equipment from oxidation and corrosion + keep the  engine clean and carry the contaminations+

dampen and cushion the engine components under high stress.

However, with the advancements in the automotive lubricants industry, modern industrial lubricants can now serve many other functions.

For example, motor oil is often used to enhance fuel-efficiency, whereas gear oil and gear lubricant is specifically used to lubricate gear parts against high-pressure contact. Some synthetic lubricants can even improve vehicle horsepower with reduced engine drag.   

How well these lubrication systems work will, however, depend on what type you use. 






4Types Of Automotive Lubricants

The increasing demand for automotive lubricants has led the global market to invent many different types of industrial lubricants. These include synthetic as well as traditional lubricants, and they each serve different purposes. 

All of these can be categorized into four major types: 

1. Engine Oil And Gear Oil

Engine oil (also known as motor oil) is usually very fluid in texture and has a low viscosity. We usually use conventional oil (also known as mineral oil) or synthetic oil for lubrication. 

Both these oils contain a base oil — generally of crude oil base stock — and additives. 

The additives help enhance the oil quality and increase fuel efficiency since lubricating oil is typically used for engine parts.

For bearings and gearboxes, you may use gear oil as a gear lubricant. 

Gear oil usually has a higher viscosity for better protection against wear. 

Also, don’t get engine oil and brake fluid mixed up. 

They may share a similar amber color, but where the engine oil is a lubricant, brake fluid is a hydraulic fluid and serves a different purpose.

Need to change your motor oil? 

Learn how to change engine oil with this detailed guide

2. Grease

Automotive grease is usually made up of base oil, thickener, and additional additives. 

Grease has a similar function to that of oil, but it is far thicker and stickier in consistency. This quality makes it ideal for gears, linkages, bearings, and chains. 

However, avoid using grease for fast-moving engine parts as they may get stuck.

The increasing demand in the automotive lubricants market also saw the introduction of synthetic grease in the global market. 

This grease is made up of a synthetic lubricant, such as silicone, and can function well under high-demand situations such as mechanical pressure. 

Synthetic grease may also act as a transmission fluid in certain cases and help with high torque transmission. It is also one of the high-performance lubricants that can withstand extreme temperatures. 

3. Penetrating Lubricant

Penetrating lubricant usually contains a very low-viscosity base oil that makes it very fluid and flowy. 

Penetrating lubricant is very refined; therefore, perfect for fast-moving engine parts that would be slowed down by the resistance caused by automotive grease. However, it isn’t very long-lasting and requires frequent reapplications.

It is better suited for loosening bolts, nuts and infiltrating small cracks rather than serving as lubricating oil. For example, it helps break up the rust, like when you need to loosen a corroded bolt off a rotor hub. 

4. Dry Lubricant 

A dry lubricant is composed of a liquid (like water or alcohol) and fine particles of any dry lubricant (like graphite). Available in a spray bottle, the liquid evaporates after a while, leaving behind a thin layer of dry lubrication.

Engine oil and automotive grease often attract a lot of dust due to their fluid nature. They are also prone to oxidation at high temperatures (even synthetic lubricants oxidate after a point). 

On the other hand, dry lubricants are a very convenient and mess-free way to lubricate your car parts. 

This lubricant is best used on small locks, hinges, threaded rods, and engine parts that could otherwise get stuck with grease. 

You now know the four types of lubricants. Each of these conventional and synthetic lubricants serves different purposes. 

So how to pick the right one for your passenger car?




How To Choose The Right Automotive Lubricant

The growth of the global automotive lubricants market has resulted in tons of lubricant and transmission fluid options. The type of lubricant you choose will ultimately depend on the task at hand and the application requirements.

Grease would serve better for lubrication of wheel bearings, for example. It would create a stronger, more long-lasting barrier against friction as compared to engine oil.  

Your safest bet is to consult the vehicle manual.

The right lubricant must meet international standards, including being API, ACEA, JASO, or ILSAC certified. Also, ensure that you pick a lubricant that retains its viscosity through varying temperatures.

You may also speak to a car mechanic for your lubricating oil needs and car care issues.

  You, as our dear customer and as our audience, can use our products whenever you like. You can do the process of ordering your desired product according to your opinion and enjoy driving quietly and calmly. Also, our team will contact you immediately and will provide you with the necessary advice regarding any automotive lubricants.